WTO: Agricultural Issues for Africa

WTO: Agricultural Issues for Africa

Author(s): Ron Sandrey, Moses Lubinga, William Mwanza, Elizabeth Nderitu, Miriam W. O. Omolo, Yolanda Potelwa & Willemien Viljoen

The agriculture trade talks started in 2000 in terms of the original mandate of the Agreement on Agriculture, and then became part of the Doha Round of negotiations in 2001. Many scholars argue that following the completion of the Uruguay Round (UR), the sensitive issues surrounding agriculture are the main reasons why the Doha Round of trade negotiations is proving so difficult to conclude. Trade Ministers at the 2013 Bali Ministerial Conference adopted important decisions on agriculture and at the most recent Ministerial Conference in December 2015 in Nairobi, members of the WTO agreed to eliminate agricultural export subsidies. This marks an extremely important step in the reform of international trade rules on agriculture since the establishment of the WTO.

This book focuses on these developments as well as the increasingly important role of non-tariff barriers that impact international of agricultural products. In addition, an examination of dispute resolution provisions in the WTO and in regional trade agreements, is also presented. The analysis emphasises that a rules based system of international trade requires a well-established dispute settlement mechanism, and the enforcement of rules.